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The penalties for embezzlement can be steep and life changing

An indictment is issued by a grand jury to charge someone of committing a serious crime. A grand jury completes a formal investigation, comprising of sworn testimony and physical evidence, before determining if there is probably cause for criminal charges. An indictment is considered to have more weight than a criminal complaint. An arrest takes place after the indictment is issued.

Nine people in Ohio have been indicted for their role in a money-laundering scheme involving shipping marijuana into the state. According to the U.S. Attorney's office, the scheme was worth about $2 million and the funds were obtained after the drugs were sent from one state to another. Seven of the nine were also charged with possession of marijuana with intent to distribute and one of them was also charged with being a felon in possession of firearms. Two of the accused were also charged on related money laundering charges.

What actions could be considered payroll fraud?

Many people can get touchy when it comes to the subject of money. Unfortunately, this sensitivity often arises because of people's past experiences with another person cheating them somehow. Typically, when a person is accused of a crime involving money and personal gain, he or she faces charges for a white collar crime.

You may know that white collar crime can refer to a number of activities. You may be interested in one in particular if you suddenly have allegations brought against you. For instance, you may have noticed some changes in your paycheck, but you didn't think much about those changes because they worked in your favor. However, you may panic when someone accuses you of payroll fraud.

The penalties for embezzlement can be steep and life changing

White collar crimes may not seem as serious as other criminal offenses; however, these crimes can carry significant penalties. State laws treat embezzlement differently, and in Ohio, the laws surrounding the penalties for embezzlement are within the laws about theft. Generally, a number of factors can affect the charges that one is facing and the penalties associated with it, including the type of property stolen and from whom it was stolen, as some victims can belong to a protected category, such as the elderly or disabled. Additionally, the value of the assets stolen and the person being accused's criminal history is also considered when these decisions are being made.

If less than $1,000 was stolen, then the crime is treated as a misdemeanor punishable by 180 days in jail and a fine up to $1,000. If the amount is between $1000 and $7500, then it is a fifth degree felony and can be punishable with imprisonment between six months and a year and a fine up to $2000. If the amount stolen is between $7500 and $150000, a fourth degree felony can result in fines up to $5000 and prison time could be between six months and 18 months.

Get experienced counsel on your side when trapped by charges

If someone is facing white-collar criminal charges, they may find themselves not only defending their rights but also their reputation. An arrest alone can raise suspicions about one's character, even if the charges are dropped at a later date. A conviction has far-reaching consequences-imprisonment, which can lead to a loss of income and jeopardize future employment prospects and driving licensures can be revoked and fines levied, straining tight finances.

Even when someone has been acquitted of the crime, they still find themselves struggling to remove the stain that has been placed on their reputation, as many people do not believe that someone is innocent until proven guilty. Even after an Ohio resident has been released from prison, he or she may find it difficult to assimilate into society as a gainful person.

Insurance fraud: a white collar crime that can trap good people

Despite the assurances from many insurance companies they will take care of their customers when the need arises, dealing with the filing of an insurance claim can be a frustrating experience.

After all, even the most honest carriers are going to stick quite literally to the terms of their policy and follow the conditions of the policy strictly. This is because ultimately, an insurance company does not want to pay any more than they are obligated to pay.

Are all low-risk investment schemes illegal?

Exploiting price discrepancies in different markets of an identical or similar asset is not an illegal practice, contrary to what many Ohio residents think. This practice often generates low profits at low risks-the seller is simply buying in one market while simultaneously selling in the other. For example, a stock may be trading at $10 in one market and $10.10 in another. A trader would buy it at $10 and sell it at a higher price in the other market. This type of low profit sale is actually encouraged in some markets to erase market inefficiencies.

This scheme, known as arbitrage, is not to be confused with investment fraud such as Ponzi schemes. A Ponzi scheme offers little risk to investors, similar to arbitrage, but offers a large profit. This promise is generally fulfilled by attracting new investors and using their investments to pay off older investors. This is why it is also referred to as a pyramid scheme. But without enough money to go around for everyone, the pyramid often ends up collapsing and ruining everyone involved in running it.

Man accused of bringing drugs into jail

Sometimes, one mistake snowballs into another and without realizing it, someone can turn a bad situation into a worse one. An example of this is running away from the scene of the crime or accident that one might be accused of partaking in. This is perhaps the predicament a 39-year-old man in Ohio finds himself in, as he faces multiple charges associated with bringing drugs into a jail after getting arrested. These charges are in addition to the original ones he is facing, relating to the crimes he was arrested for.

According to the charging document, the accused was a passenger inside a vehicle during a traffic stop. The accused told the driver and another passenger that he had a weapon on him and did not want to be arrested with it on him. Allegedly, he put the weapon behind the driver's seat and ran away from the vehicle on foot. According to officers, they then proceeded to search the area and upon finding the accused, he mentioned he had an outstanding warrant, which is why he didn't want to have a weapon on his person. His arrest included complaints of parole violation, fugitive from justice warrant, resisting arrest and having weapons under disability.

What is considered entrapment in Ohio?

In order to charge someone with a crime, police must have some evidence. Often that evidence includes forensics such as fingerprints or DNA, but it can also include the accounts of witnesses who actually saw the person commit the crime. What makes a case even stronger is when the witness is a police officer. This is why law enforcement often uses undercover officers to catch someone in the act. However, police must walk a delicate line to avoid entrapment.

While Ohio law enforcement efforts are focused on making streets and neighborhoods safe, it is not uncommon for officers to step over the lines of lawful actions and violate someone's rights in order to make an arrest. If an undercover officer recently apprehended you, you may wish to seek advice about the circumstances surrounding your arrest.

Is falsifying a record a white-collar crime?

Many people believe that white-collar crimes are victimless. Unlike theft or robbery, where the victim is identifiable, embezzlement or money laundering doesn't target a specific person. This is Ohio residents may think the penalties associated with it are lenient, but this is not the case. White-collar crimes are treated very seriously by the authorities and often give rise to monetary fines and imprisonment.

Falsifying documents is a type of white-collar crime that involves changing or modifying a document for the purpose of deceiving someone. Intentional falsification of records includes making a false statement in any record that is kept. Additionally, it could include distributing copies of the falsified documents, including security programs, access mediums or identification mediums.

Constitutional validity of search warrants

Last week's post touched upon the numerous drug crime charges that two young women found themselves facing after their vehicle was searched with what police officers are claiming was probable cause. It is important to understand what these terms mean and how they affect an Ohio resident's rights.

When police officers or competent authorities have to search a specified place for evidence without the occupants consent, a search warrant is required. A competent authority, generally considered to be judges or magistrates, issues a search warrant. This search warrant is required for the search to be considered reasonable under the Fourth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.

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