Each year, thousands of people face criminal charges in Ohio. A much smaller number will face charges in federal court. The legal basis for why a person might face charges in federal court instead of state court can be somewhat complicated, but it is sufficient to say that when a person does face charges in federal court, those charges are serious.
Sometimes an investment seems too good to be true. While some investments are legitimate and legal, others such as Ponzi schemes and pyramid schemes are considered white collar crimes in Ohio and elsewhere. However, while there are some similarities, Ponzi schemes are not the same as pyramid schemes.
Securities trading is heavily regulated, and people who work for companies that issue and trade stocks are required to follow all applicable laws. It can be all too easy to fall afoul of laws and regulations such as those prohibiting insider trading.
Employee theft is so much more than just taking one or two extra pens from your company's supply cabinet. Employee embezzlement, in its various forms, can cost companies millions of dollars and have a significant impact on the success of a business.
The duplicitousness of insider trading effects more than just shareholders, as the effects are often felt throughout the community. By using information not readily available to the public to make financial transactions, insiders effectively are abusing the system and committing white collar crimes for their own benefit.
There are many forms of fraud, but one of the most common forms is wire fraud. Wire fraud generally involves a defrauding scheme over the phone, internet, or other form of electronic communications.
Stealing someone's personal information or identity for personal gain is against the law in the state of Ohio. Certain professions, such as nursing, meet criteria to lawfully practice. For example, nurses generally need to have a license to practice, as well as a degree from an accredited nursing school.
The use of online banking, e-mail, social media, and the internet in general has made identity theft a highly prosecuted crime over the past couple of decades. The crime of identity theft requires that someone steals another person's identity by using their personal information (e.g. Social Security number, birthdate, name) for fraudulent purposes or financial gain. If convicted of identity theft, you could face serious consequences, particularly if the victim is an elderly or disabled person, or military person.
Ohio residents have a responsibility to conduct their business with integrity and honesty. When a person commits a crime to make some extra cash, they may be charged with a white collar crime. The type of crime they are charged with will depend on the type of fraud committed and the amount of money wrongfully obtained.
Check fraud of any kind can result in serious criminal penalties in our state. Purposely writing a bad check, signing another person's name to a check or knowingly attempting to cash a fraudulent check are all forms of fraud that may be punishable by a fine or jail time.